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Types of Patent Searches April 26, 2008

Posted by mais in Patent, patent intelligence, patent searches.
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A nice brief compilation by Vinod Kumar Singh of Competitive and Technical Intelligence Toolbox (CTIB)

Search Type

Purpose

Coverage

Comments

  • State-of-the-Art

Identify general and background art for a particular technology

Patents and non-patent literature. Not exhaustive.

Gives a broad picture to help guide research

  • Patentability, Novelty

Identify art which may affect the patentability of an invention

Patents and non-patent literature. Multiple data sources.

Narrower in scope than State-of-Art. Recommended before writing patent application

  • Invalidity, Opposition

Identify prior art which may impact the claims of a specific patent

Patents and non-patent literature. Employ creative strategies to elucidate previously undiscovered art before filing date of patent.

Helps remove blocking patents by anticipating claims of an invention. Establishes solidity of patent portfolio, e.g. for licensing or company acquisition

  • Infringement, Freedom-to-Operate, Right-to-Use, Domination

Identify patents or applications which may cover a proposed product or process

Covers patents only and which are still in force. Include both narrow and broad concepts

Often country specific. Analysis of claims.

  • Patent Watch

Monitor new patent activity or status changes to existing patents

Patents only

Updates at regular intervals or rapid-alerting when activity occurs

  • Technology Update

Monitor latest technology developments by subject

Patents and/or non-patent literature

Regular updates, weekly, monthly or other chosen frequency

  • Non-Patent Literature Reference Query; Biomedical Information

Research into specific questions asked by biomedical staff regarding safety, clinical, regulatory areas, or by Research Scientists, etc.

Biomedical databases or other databases as appropriate

A quick turnaround on these types of searches can normally be accommodated

  • Inventor, Author or Assignee

Identify references to a particular inventor, author, assignee or affiliate

Patents and/or non-patent literature

A quick turnaround on these types of searches can normally be accommodated

  • Legal Status

Determine whether a patent is in force, abandoned, etc.

Specialist legal status online databases (e.g. ‘INPADOC’) and/or patent office registers

A quick turnaround on these types of searches can normally be accommodated

  • Patent Family

Identify the first or ‘basic’ patent and subsequent ones claiming the same priority

Patent databases such as ‘World Patents Index’, ‘INPADOC’ and ‘Chemical Abstracts’

A quick turnaround on these types of searches can normally be accommodated

  • Cited or Citing References

Identify references

Patent databases, e.g. ‘Derwent Patents Citation Index’ and non-patent literature, e.g. Science Citation Index

An alternative method useful in identifying additional state-of-the-art or invalidating prior art

  • Collections

‘Collect’ prior art in a particular area of technology

Patents only. Often conducted within selected patent classifications

Useful for directing research or identifying gaps for patenting strategies

  • Patent Map

Show patent landscape to uncover trends, gaps or overlap in patent coverage and links between patents

Patents only

Useful for directing research or identifying gaps for patenting strategies

  • Scientific Business

Identify financial, organizational, statistical, commercial and other information for technology based organizations

Business, news and other sources

Supply of raw data and/or overall analysis

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