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Chemicals and innovation: Strategies for R&D in emerging economies) April 22, 2011

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Chemicals and innovation: Strategies for R&D in emerging economies

Strategies for R&D in emerging economies

ICIS has run several roundtables recently where innovation has risen as a topic, particularly the growing move by chemical majors to carry out innovation in places like China and the difficulties encountered. Now consultancy McKinsey has carried out an industry survey to assess the current situation.It finds that many companies have not even addressed the issue of doing research and development in emerging economies like China, India and Brazil, even though these are the markets with vibrant growth prospects and the need for localised innovation in products that meet market demands.

McKinsey found that “fully one-third of executives around the world say their companies are not doing any R&D work in emerging economies.” However, the good news is that companies that are active are addressing local needs, and not just attempting to shift innovation for developed markets to low cost regions.

Says McKinsey: “Of the two-thirds of respondents whose companies pursue such efforts, the largest shares say their R&D is focused on either global product platforms or local innovation in emerging economies, as opposed to R&D for developed markets only, which respondents say is not a major focus of emerging-market R&D operations. Moreover, companies appear to be aligning their goals, whether it’s seeking lower development costs or gaining better access to customer insights, with their specific R&D focus in emerging economies.”

You can read the full report here.

Indian brings “Minority Report” like hand gestures navigation called “SixthSense” to reality November 9, 2009

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Remember the scene in the movie Minority Report where Tom Cruise uses hand gestures instead of a mouse to interact with a computer screen displayed on the wall? 

Pranav Mistry has brought this to close to reality with USD 320 devices..

 Pranav Mistry is the creator of SixthSense, a wearable gesture interface that uses a camera and tiny projector to display data and information onto surfaces, walls, and even your hand. Special fingertip sensors let users manipulate the data and use their hands to interact with it. During a presentation at the TEDIndia conference this week, the PhD student announced plans to release SixthSense under an open source license in the coming months.

"I notice that it's hard to for these kind of things to market in some sense. . . because I don't want this to comply with some of kind of corporate policy," says Mistry. "Rather than waiting for that time to come, I want people to make their own system. Why not?"

"People will be able to make their own hardware. I will give them instructions how to make it. And also provide them key software…give them basic key software layers. . . they will be able to build their own applications. They will be able to modify base level and do anything".

The device, which can be built for about $350, has fascinating implications beyond its infinite coolness. SixthSense has the ability to sense objects around you and displays content relevant to your environment. If you're in a bookstore, for instance, and hold up a copy of Learning the Vi and Vim Editors, SixthSense shows you pricing guides, information about the author, and so on. Mistry's device puts the Internet literally at your fingertips.

Image courtesy of Pranav Mistry and Sam Ogden.

MJ’s antigravity step secret is out October 27, 2009

Posted by mais in Patent.
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MJ is known for many things- also as innovator, who invented and patented "system for allowing a shoe wearer to lean forwardly beyond his center of gravity by virtue of wearing a specially designed pair of shoes" (US patent5,255,452). A heel slot in the shoes gets hitched to retractable pegs in a stage floor. Wearing the shoes, Jackson (or anyone) could seem to lean past his center of gravity without toppling. The effect would be most striking in live performances, during which harnesses and wires would be too cumbersome or impossible to disguise.
Source: USA Today

Patent Application filing – India October 25, 2009

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The Strangest Mobile Gadgets Never Made September 16, 2009

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The Strangest Mobile Gadgets Never Made

via jkOnTheRun by James Kendrick on 9/14/09


We sure love our mobile gadgets, even those that never saw the light of day. It’s enough to get us pumped up to see the concepts that designers have come up with in the mobile gear space. Technologizer has rounded up 21 of the weirdest mobile gadgets from Google Patents and laid them out for our amazement. There’s the laptop with the integrated dot matrix printer and another with a detachable screen for putting it on a projector to make presentations. These never-produced gadgets are enough to bring tears to a geek’s eyes. OK, not really.

Image courtesy Technologizer

Image courtesy Technologizer

Who regulates whom in the financial world? September 16, 2009

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Who regulates whom in the financial world?
via Indianomics by SriRam Vadlamani on 8/30/09


The importance of regulations and regulators would have been very clear by now. Especially after the Satyam saga. Regulators are the good people who know who should run in which way. If there is a deviation it is the regulators job to tell so and advise corrective action.

The external auditors for Satyam are PWC. It is the job of the auditors of PWC toregulations actually check all the bank deposits and other instruments mentioned on the balance sheet. Since they haven’t done their job very well India has got its biggest corporate fraud. In the case of auditors, Institute of Chartered accounts in India (ICAI) is the governing body of all the chartered accountants in India. It becomes the job of ICAI in this case to put the auditors of PWC in the right place.

Another biggest regulatory body in the financial markets is Securities and exchange Board in India (SEBI). It has to step into action every now and then. Be it the ipo allocation fraud or the pledging of shares or the price-sensitive rumours. SEBI is the watchdog. If it lapses then the hell will break loose, literally.

There is a governing agency for all the practitioners in the financial world. Here I am listing down the entity and its governing agency.

REGULATOR
BANKS – ISSUE COLLECTION SEBI
CREDIT RATING AGENCIES SEBI
CUSTODIAL SERVICES SEBI
DEBENTURE TRUSTEES SEBI
DEPOSITORIES SEBI
DEPOSITORY PARTICIPANTS SEBI
FOREIGN BROKERS SEBI
FOREIGN DEBT FUNDS SEBI
FOREIGN INVESTMENT INSTITUTIONS SEBI
INVESTMENT BANKERS SEBI
INVESTOR ASSOCIATIONS SEBI
MUTUAL FUNDS & ASSET MANAGEMENT COMPANIES SEBI
PLANTATION COMPANIES SEBI
PORTFOLIO MANAGERS SEBI
REGISTRARS & SHARE TRANSFER AGENTS SEBI
STOCK BROKERS SEBI
STOCK EXCHANGES SEBI
SUB-BROKERS SEBI
VENTURE CAPITAL FUNDS SEBI
BANKS RBI
CHIT FUNDS RBI
NBFCs RBI
PRIMARY DEALERS RBI
CO-OPERATIVE BANKS RBI
INSURANCE BROKERS/ AGENTS IRDA
INSURANCE COMPANIES IRDA
AUDITORS ICAI/CAG
COMPANIES – ALL MCA/ROC
COMPANIES – LISTED MCA/ROC/SEBI/SE
COMPANY SECRETARIES ICSI
MUTUAL FUND BROKERS/ AGENTS AMFI/SEBI
NEWSPAPERS & MAGAZINES PCI
RADIO MIB
TV MIB
SOLICITORS & LEGAL ADVISORS BCI

As you can see, SEBI is the regulator body for all the happenings in the stock market world. RBI is the regulatory body for all the banks, co-operative banks and the non-banking financial institutions.  (Source : IEPF)

*image credit

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Lithium Ion Battery breakthrough promises 100-fold boost in performance March 30, 2009

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Lithium Ion Battery breakthrough promises 100-fold boost in performance
Researchers have developed a new advanced Lithium Ion battery that will allow mobile phone and laptop computers to be fully charged in seconds. Electric car batteries may be charged in as little as five minutes, removing one of the main barriers to wider uptake of EVs. Solar and wind power generation could also benefit as better batteries could be used to store surplus energy…

Tags: Batteries, Battery Electric Vehicle, Laptop, Lithium-ion, MIT, Mobile Phone, Solar, Wind Power

Related Articles:
MIT develops new fast-charging battery technology ideal for automobiles
Silver-Zinc batteries shape up to the Lithium-Ion incumbents
< http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/GizmagEmergingTechnologyMagazine/~3/zi5lf1AcQOk/>

Hitachi’s new lithium ion-powered drill
ZPower’s silver-zinc rechargeable batteries promise efficiency gains
Subaru doubles the battery range on its electric car concept
New battery recharges in one minute



gizmag Emerging Technology Magazine
gizmag.com covers the full gammut of emerging technologies, invention and innovation – from automotive to aerospace, from handhelds to supercomputers, from robotics to home automation, the site reports on all major announcements across 40 categories.

Lithium Ion Battery breakthrough promises 100-fold boost in performance

Researchers have developed a new advanced Lithium Ion battery that will allow mobile phone and laptop computers to be fully charged in seconds. Electric car batteries may be charged in as little as five minutes, removing one of the main barriers to wider uptake of EVs. Solar and wind power generation could also benefit as better batteries could be used to store surplus energy…

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Indian Patent Office -invited public opinon on Cigearette patent September 21, 2008

Posted by mais in India, Patent.
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The controller general of patents, designs and trade marks has invited public opinion on a patent sought by Godfrey Phillips on a cigarette packet-cum-match box designed and developed by the company.

Godfrey Phillips, which manufactures leading cigarette brands – Four Square, Stellar, Red and White and Cavanders – aims at giving smokers an option to do away with a separate lighter or match box.

According to the company, which filed application on October 31, 2005, the improved cigarette packet with match box comprised a slide having side flaps on two longitudinal sides and end closures at the two transverse sides. The packet would be equipped with a shell accommodating the slide having flaps on two longitudinal sides, a bundle of cigarettes wrapped in a foil and a match box with sticks in a tray.

courtsy Competitive and Technical Intelligence Toolbox

Making biofules at your backyard @ $1 per gallon April 29, 2008

Posted by mais in Innovation, Patent, USA.
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E-fuel 100 Microfueler developed by Floyd Butterfield and Thomas Quinn, offers the flexibility to generate biofuel (Ethanol @ $1/gallon) at your backyard. This system is compact like a washing machine and operates on sugar content and yeast. Read more on NYT coverage

Perhaps, innovative part of the system is an advance membrane distiller, which separates water from ethanol at lower heat and fewer steps than other ethanol systems

Critics flaunted the claims and said that sugar costs 20-cents per pound, and system requires 10 to 14 pounds to make a gallon of ethanol, hence it is not viable to produce ethanol But Butterfield and his Silicon Valley finance whiz/business partner Thomas J. Quinn swears you can buy “inedible sugar” from South of the Border for 2 to 3 cents per pound.

India’s Konkan Railways filed patent in 124 countries for its safety innovation April 26, 2008

Posted by mais in India, Innovation, Patent.
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Anti-collision Device (ACD) branded as “Raksha Kavach” developed by Konkan Railways has been successfully granted patents by China, Russia, Singapore and South Africa. Konkan Railways has filed patent application in 124 countries.

Raksha Kavach is a self-acting device that warns the train driver of any impending accident-like situation within a 3-km range.The instrument will cost approximately Rs 5 lakh (500,000) for installation in trains and Rs 10 lakh (INR 1000,000) in planes. It has already applied for international patent rights for the product in 124 countries.

Sky Bus, an alternative of metro railways for urban transport, is also innovative solution.

Visit for all patents from Konkan Railways.

My experience with Konkan railways was superb particularly in term of cusine.

Types of Patent Searches April 26, 2008

Posted by mais in Patent, patent intelligence, patent searches.
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A nice brief compilation by Vinod Kumar Singh of Competitive and Technical Intelligence Toolbox (CTIB)

Search Type

Purpose

Coverage

Comments

  • State-of-the-Art

Identify general and background art for a particular technology

Patents and non-patent literature. Not exhaustive.

Gives a broad picture to help guide research

  • Patentability, Novelty

Identify art which may affect the patentability of an invention

Patents and non-patent literature. Multiple data sources.

Narrower in scope than State-of-Art. Recommended before writing patent application

  • Invalidity, Opposition

Identify prior art which may impact the claims of a specific patent

Patents and non-patent literature. Employ creative strategies to elucidate previously undiscovered art before filing date of patent.

Helps remove blocking patents by anticipating claims of an invention. Establishes solidity of patent portfolio, e.g. for licensing or company acquisition

  • Infringement, Freedom-to-Operate, Right-to-Use, Domination

Identify patents or applications which may cover a proposed product or process

Covers patents only and which are still in force. Include both narrow and broad concepts

Often country specific. Analysis of claims.

  • Patent Watch

Monitor new patent activity or status changes to existing patents

Patents only

Updates at regular intervals or rapid-alerting when activity occurs

  • Technology Update

Monitor latest technology developments by subject

Patents and/or non-patent literature

Regular updates, weekly, monthly or other chosen frequency

  • Non-Patent Literature Reference Query; Biomedical Information

Research into specific questions asked by biomedical staff regarding safety, clinical, regulatory areas, or by Research Scientists, etc.

Biomedical databases or other databases as appropriate

A quick turnaround on these types of searches can normally be accommodated

  • Inventor, Author or Assignee

Identify references to a particular inventor, author, assignee or affiliate

Patents and/or non-patent literature

A quick turnaround on these types of searches can normally be accommodated

  • Legal Status

Determine whether a patent is in force, abandoned, etc.

Specialist legal status online databases (e.g. ‘INPADOC’) and/or patent office registers

A quick turnaround on these types of searches can normally be accommodated

  • Patent Family

Identify the first or ‘basic’ patent and subsequent ones claiming the same priority

Patent databases such as ‘World Patents Index’, ‘INPADOC’ and ‘Chemical Abstracts’

A quick turnaround on these types of searches can normally be accommodated

  • Cited or Citing References

Identify references

Patent databases, e.g. ‘Derwent Patents Citation Index’ and non-patent literature, e.g. Science Citation Index

An alternative method useful in identifying additional state-of-the-art or invalidating prior art

  • Collections

‘Collect’ prior art in a particular area of technology

Patents only. Often conducted within selected patent classifications

Useful for directing research or identifying gaps for patenting strategies

  • Patent Map

Show patent landscape to uncover trends, gaps or overlap in patent coverage and links between patents

Patents only

Useful for directing research or identifying gaps for patenting strategies

  • Scientific Business

Identify financial, organizational, statistical, commercial and other information for technology based organizations

Business, news and other sources

Supply of raw data and/or overall analysis

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Bangalore Municipal Corporation Innovates cost effective urban road solutions April 22, 2008

Posted by mais in India, Innovation, Patent.
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Bangalore City Municipal Corporation (BCC) is enthusiatic for its technical innovation in road construction technology, specifically used for development of underpass, surface pass and overpass. It is planning to secure patent protection for the same. It is going to file the patent for the Concrete Elements as product and erection of such structure as installation process.

The technical innovation also claims to reduce the cost of such constructions from INR 200 Mn to mere INR 10 Mn. Other municipal authorities from Chennai, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh and Mumbai have shown their interest in the promising technology.

BCC sees this as an opportunity to overtake Banglore Development Authority in Infrastructure development.

Indian Motorbike Major fights over Engine Patent September 12, 2007

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Yet to be launch motorbike sparked patent row among the two major Indian players. Bajaj auto’s “XCD” pronounced as Ex-cee-d’ has locked horns with another TVS’s “‘s “Flame” on the patent of engine technology. Both the bikes would be competing each other other in same segment i.e. 125 cc engine bike market.

Bajaj auto’s accused TVS’s ” for infringing its patented Digital Twin Spark Swirl Injection “DTS-Si” technology for motorbike engines. Bajaj auto’s‘s in house technology has already been adopted in some of its successful models Palsar, Avenger and Platina.

TVS’s ” veraciously denied the charges by stating that its technology “CCVTI” is completely different, from Bajaj auto’s. CCVTI engine has three valves unlike the Bajaj auto’s DTS-Si. It also stated that use of “twin spark” in four-stroke motorbike engine was first patented by Japanese auto major HONDA. It has developed this technology in collaboration with Austrian firm AVL, holding patent on use of three valves in internal combustion motorbike engines.

TVS’s ” & Bajaj auto’s has developed in-house R&D facilities to compete domestic and global motorbike players, in one of the fastest growing bike market, INDIA.

Bajaj auto’s had successfully refrained chinese bike maker to sell copy-cat verison of its bikes in sri-lanka and African countries.

Bajaj auto’s is waiting for launch of TVS’s “‘s FLAME to initiate legal action, while TVS’s ” threaten to file INR 25 Bn defamation suit.

Novartis’s challenge on validity of Indian patent laws was put down by Indian High Court August 7, 2007

Posted by mais in Drugs, India, IP Systems, Litigation, Patent, TRIPS.
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Swiss pharma giant, Novartis, faced another blow in India, when Chennai High Court rejected its writ petition challenging the validity of Indian Patent Laws.

Novartis had sought to declare Section 3 (d) of the Indian Patents Act as substituted by Patents (Amendment) Act (2005) as being “unconstitutional as it is vague, arbitrary and violative of Article 14 of the constitution (right to equality).”  The section denies patent protection to the discovery of new form of known substance which does not result in enhancement of the known efficacy of that substance.

Novartis also rasied concerns over the discretion of patent authorities to define and determine the “enhancement of efficacy”. The Bench rejected the concerns by saying that the amended section cannot be invalidated solely on ground that there was a mere possibility of misuse of power.

Since Novartis’s 1993 patent effectively disclosed both the free base, imatinib, and the acid-addition salt, imatinib mesylate and the crystalline forms of imatinib mesylate. The crystalline forms of imatinib mesylate claimed in the application in question does not differ significantly in properties with respect to efficacy. In fact, with respect to efficacy, the current specification of Novartis itself admits that wherever β-crystals are used the imatinib free base or other salts can be used. The various forms of imatinib mesylate can, therefore, very well be considered the “same substance” under section 3(d) of the Patents Act.   view of IP practitioner Swarup Kumar

Novartis unlikely to challenge High court ruling in Indian Supreme Court. Novartis faced first setback  in January last year, when the Indian Patent Office rejected a patent application of its leukaemia drug Gleevec. It had filed appeal against the patent office decision to Intellectual Property Appellate Board and a writ petition in Chennai High Court.

Defending a patent infringement in court – take recourse of Reverse Doctrine of Equivalents July 11, 2007

Posted by mais in IPR Laws, Litigations, Patent, USA.
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Doctrine of Equivalents was set forth by US Supreme Court in 1950 to extent the protection of patent rights to a good patent holders beyond the literal meaning of the claims i.e. literal infringement. US Supreme Court also established Function-Way-Result test with the objective to ensure the fundamental fairness to it to all.

Reverse of the doctrine is also hold good, i.e. if the claim elements did not Function is the same Way to accomplish the same Result then there would not be actual infringement under the doctrine.

Till date, neither US Supreme Court nor Federal Circuit Courts of Appeal had reversed a finding of non-infringement based on reverse doctrine of equivalence.

read more from ipfrontlines authored by Jay Sandvos

Indian firms and brazilian AIDS patients to be benefit from compulsory licensing May 9, 2007

Posted by mais in Drugs, India, Patent, TRIPS, WTO.
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The Brazilian government’s decision to override the patent rights of Merck’s HIV/AIDS drug Stocrin (efavirenz) and buy reverse engineered generic versions of the drug at low cost has come as a boon for Indian pharmaceutical companies manufacturing generic versions of efavirenz such as Cipla, Ranbaxy, Aurobindo Pharma and Strides Arcolab.

On Friday, Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva announced invoking the compulsory licensing provision for pharmaceuticals under the World Trade Organisation’s (WTO) agreement on intellectual property – the TRIPS (Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) – to buy copycat versions of efavirenz from laboratories certified by the World Health Organisation.

With over 200,000 registered cases, Brazil has the most AIDS patients in Latin America. Of them, only 75,000 patients are currently treated with efavirenz.

Welcoming the Brazilian government’s move, Amar Lulla, joint managing director of Cipla, said it was heartening to note that Brazil has invoked the compulsory licensing provision to treat its HIV/AIDS patients with affordable generic drugs.

“The compulsory licensing provision of the TRIPS help countries to protect the rights of its citizens. We welcome the Brazilian move,” he said.

Lulla confirmed that the Brazilian government was negotiating with Cipla for the supply of these medicines.

Is infringment of patent in abroad liable to claim damages in the country…. ? March 7, 2007

Posted by mais in Litigations, Patent, software.
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This is the question .. going to be decided by US SC in july 2007, while hearing Microsoft Corp. v. AT&T Corp., 05-1056 case.

In a long-running case between Microsoft and AT&T, AT&T had been able to secure favorable judgments from lower federal courts.

In this case, Microsoft has accepted the infringement of an AT&T patent in US but disputed the infringement of the patent in overseas markets.

The patent is related to technology that converts speech into computer code, so the speech can be transmitted electronically. It accused Microsoft Corp. of infringing the patent by including similar capabilities in its Windows software.

AT&T has cited the provision of US patent law, which restricts the export or infringed products from country. It says by incorporating the infringed technology in windows and selling it overseas Microsoft has violated the said provision and hence liable for the damages.

Microsoft, has pleaded that it is exporting only the “master copy” of the software and said feature has been added by computer  manufacturers in the foreign markets.

AT&T  protested the idea of “master version” of the software and argued that Microsoft has collected the royalty on the infringing software sold in the overseas markets, hence it is liable for the damages for the infringement in  overseas markets.

US Supreme Court is expected to deliver its judgment on the issues in july 2007.

The secret to successful use of technology in a corporate setting January 31, 2007

Posted by mais in IPM Strategies, Patent.
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The secret to successful use of technology in a corporate setting

By Ernest Svenson on Legal Tech

It’s sad how much money is wasted on technology. If you need transportation and you buy a car then you aren’t wasting money. But if the car doesn’t run properly so that you don’t use it then you have a problem. Corporations buy lots of technology. Amazingly, most of that money is wasted because they don’t know how to use technology properly.

What’s the secret to using technology well in a corporate world? I don’t really care, because I gave up on the corporate world. But, if I ever went back to that world, then it would have to be a company that understands this principle.

IP Due Diligence – put simply (with the 6 T’s) January 8, 2007

Posted by mais in Patent.
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Duncan Bucknell  talks about the  ‘6T’ framework for analysing IP issues.  This article uses the same framework to show you how to simply structure an IP due diligence. 

Just to remind you, here are the 6 T’s:

1 ­- Type of IP

2 – Time (until expiry)

3 – Territories (in which IP is held/registered)

4 – Terminated (ie the status of the IP)

5 – Technical Scope of the monopoly

6 – True monopoly? (validity)

more here

Steady Flow Of Patent Application In India December 7, 2006

Posted by mais in India, Patent.
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An Indian Law firm Lex Orbis analyzies the trend in patent application in India.

The revival of the Indian economy and globalization of markets have thrown open new opportunities in the field of foreign investments and a strong patent regime is a key driver for foreign investment in India, particularly when other competing countries in South East Asia, including China offer better investment climate. As technological innovation is facilitated by healthy IPR protection, the onus is on the policy for correct balance between industrial development goals and protection of national interest.

The number of patent filing rate in India had tremendously grown in recent years and it has been growing 30% annually since 2002-03. The accession to PTC and the amendment of the Patent Act and Rules are the contributory factors. But the Indian Patent office infrastructure is still undergoing a change. The IT infrastructure is improving and the government realizing the advantages is planning a 1,300 crore-modernization plan. Currently India is ranked 12th in the world in patent filing. It has been reported that the numbers of applications have increased 400 percent over the past 15 years. Nearly 800 companies submitted international applications to the WIPO in 2004, which is more than a double of what has been filed in 2000. An increased patent filing was witnessed in the year 2005-2006 due to the changes brought about in the Patent Act where the product patent was introduced for the first time in pharmaceutical sector.

Currently, the patent office expects the growth to be maintained at 30% this year also. Delhi office has recorded the largest number of application around the country and majority of the application continues to be from foreign countries and is from the chemicals and pharmaceutical segment, which account for half of the applications filed followed by Information Technology and Electronics.


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